Personal, Social and Health Education encourages children to take responsibility for their own health and well-being. PSHE will enable children to develop important life skills, such as how to react in difficult situations, and to learn about rights and responsibilities for themselves and others. In doing this, it is anticipated that self-confidence and esteem will be promoted.
Theme 1: New beginnings
This theme focuses on developing children’s knowledge, understanding and skills in four key social and emotional aspects of learning: empathy, self-awareness, social skills and motivation.
The theme offers children the opportunity to see themselves as valued individuals within their community and to contribute to shaping a welcoming, safe and fair learning community for all. Throughout the theme, children explore feelings of happiness and excitement, sadness, anxiety and fearfulness, and learn shared models for ‘calming down’ and ‘problem solving’.
Theme 2: Getting on and falling out
This theme focuses on developing children’s knowledge, understanding and skills in three key social and emotional aspects of learning: empathy, managing feelings (with a focus on anger) and social skills.
Each colour-coded set is organised around developing the ethos of the classroom – extending the work of ‘Theme 1: New beginnings’ on cooperation and valuing diversity, and focusing on four key content areas: developing the social skills of friendship, working well together in a group, managing anger and resolving conflict.
Theme 3: Say no to bullying
This theme aims to develop and revisit four of the key social and emotional aspects of learning covered in previous themes through a focus on bullying – what it is, how it feels, why people bully, how we can prevent and respond to it, and how children can use their social, emotional and behavioural skills to tackle this crucial problem. The four aspects of learning in which knowledge, skills and understanding are developed are self-awareness, empathy, managing feelings and social skills.
Theme 4: Going for goals!
This theme focuses primarily on the key aspect of motivation, with a subsidiary focus on self-awareness. It gives an important opportunity for all children’s abilities, qualities and strengths to be valued.
The Going for goals theme provides opportunities for children to reflect on themselves as individuals, particularly their strengths as learners and how they learn most effectively.
Each set of activities focuses on the underlying prerequisites for successful goal-directed learning and behaviour: for example, taking responsibility and building feelings of confidence and self-efficacy – the belief that what you do makes a difference.
Goal-directed behaviour is only valuable if we are able to make wise and balanced choices about our goals, so this theme provides opportunities for children to consider this and to practise problem-solving strategies.
Theme 5: Good to be me
This theme is the first of two focusing specifically on feelings. It explores feelings in the context of the child as an individual, developing self-awareness and helping the child to realise that it really is ‘Good to be me’.
The theme is about understanding our feelings as well as considering our strengths and weaknesses as learners. It aims to develop knowledge, understanding and skills in three key social and emotional aspects of learning: self-awareness, managing feelings and empathy. The theme focuses on:
- understanding feelings, and why and how they lead us to behave the way we do – excited, proud, surprised, hopeful, disappointed, worried and anxious;
- self-awareness – feeling good about myself, taking risks;
- managing my feelings – relaxing, coping with anxiety;
- standing up for myself – assertiveness, standing up for my views.
Theme 6: Relationships
This theme is the second of two focusing specifically on feelings. It explores feelings within the context of our important relationships including family and friends. The theme aims to develop knowledge, understanding and skills in three key social and emotional aspects of learning: self-awareness, managing feelings and empathy.
In addition, there is a focus throughout the theme on helping children understand the feelings associated with an experience that we all need to cope with at some time: that of loss – whether of a favourite possession, a friend, a family home or a loved one.
Theme 7: Changes
This theme tackles the issue of change and aims to equip children with an understanding of different types of change, positive and negative, and common human responses to it.
The theme seeks to develop children’s ability to understand and manage the feelings associated with change. It aims to develop knowledge, understanding and skills in three key social and emotional aspects of learning: motivation, social skills and managing feelings.